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Wojciech Stanek, Lucyna Czarnowska, Wiesław Gazda, and Tomasz Simla (2018)

Thermo-ecological cost of electricity from renewable energy sources

Renewable Energy, 115:87-96.

Nowadays, the society faces the challenge of continuous supply of electricity. Energy from two different sources of origin such as renewable and non-renewable is used to meet the needs of modern humankind. The paper presents the findings concerning the thermo-ecological cost assessment of renewable energy sources defining their total impact on the environment. Biogas, wind and photovoltaic power plants were evaluated to present the results of cumulative environmental impact based on the thermo-ecological cost methodology. Polish law regulations and the prediction of the future energy mix structure are described to emphasize the importance of selected technologies. The measurements data of real renewable energy units in Poland and the characteristics of components were used to calculate thermo-ecological cost of electricity originating from renewable sources. Moreover, different phases of the production chain are considered to present results in total life cycle of the respective technologies. In the calculations, continuous availability of conventional power plants for stabilizing the current electricity needs is taken into account. Finally, the results of this study prove that biogas power plants cause lower environmental impact than wind and photovoltaic technologies.

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The Material Limits of Energy Transition: Thanatia

Antonio Valero Capilla, Alicia Valero Delgado and Guiomar Calvo

This book provides a holistic view of raw mineral depletion in the context of renewable energy transistion.

The material limits Thanatia


Thanatia. Los límites minerales del planeta

mites minerales del planeta

 Antonio Valero Capilla and Alicia Valero Delgado interviewed by Adrián Almazán

We need a material transition, not only energetic, that restores nature and effectively reuses materials. Gaia must be cared for by extending life on Earth and slowing its degradation towards Thanatia.

Thanatia los limites


Thermodynamics for Sustainable Management of Natural Resources

Cover Thermodynamics

Wojciech Stanek (Editor)

This book examines ways of assessing the rational management of nonrenewable resources. Integrating numerous methods, it systematically exposes the strengths of exergy analysis in resources management.

Thanatia: The Destiny of the Earth's Mineral Resources

Cover Thanatia

A Thermodynamic Cradle-to-Cradle Assessment by (author): Antonio Valero Capilla and Alicia Valero Delgado

Is Gaia becoming Thanatia, a resource exhausted planet? For how long can our high-tech society be sustained in the light of declining mineral ore grades, heavy dependence on un-recycled critical metals and accelerated material dispersion? These are all root causes of future disruptions that need to be addressed today.