The Krakow Declaration for an EU Initiative for Energy Efficiency in the Process Industries
An international expert conference on efficiency, cost, optimization, simulation and environmental impact of energy systems (ECOS´08) has identified that, although the process industries account for 28% of the energy consumed in the EU-27, their improvement in energy efficiency has slowed considerably since 2001. Conversely, many ever-more efficient types of energy equipment and techniques have appeared, but are not rapidly implemented. The current energy efficiency targets and policies within the EU and the Member States are not courageous, and are far from the efficiencies that can be achieved in these industries according to energy studies (thermodynamics).
The experts defined various reasons for the lack of achievement, such as the heterogeneity of the industries, the large variety of raw materials, and the plethora of new techniques and equipment which make identification of common needs and capacities for improvements difficult. The expert group confirmed that they have developed the science and knowledge to provide the energy efficient technologies needed; however, this knowledge needs dissemination and implementation to accomplish the 20% energy reduction by 2020 in the EU SET Plan.
The development of strong policy for energy efficiency should be based on four planks (the four Pro's):
Processes and systems analyses: those activities identified as priorities for increasing energy efficiency.
Products (of equipment manufacturers): these should relate to advanced techniques with the clear aim of improving the energy efficiency per unit of production.
Procedures: standardised systems are required for precise energy and CO2 accounting, as well as developing industries for auditing, and instrumentation for monitoring and control.
Promotion: there is an urgent need to disseminate information on energy efficiency techniques and achieved savings, as well as strategies for knowledge transfer.
Many national and European initiatives exist (notably the IPPC Directive with the EC's reference documents on best available techniques for process industries). However, these initiatives would gain from reinforcing coordination at a supranational level among scientists, process engineers, industrial managers, manufacturers, governments and NGOs. A European Technological Platform would be an appropriate tool and European Commission officials have expressed strong interest in helping develop an ETP for Process Industries. However, they have pointed out that an ETP defines recommendations, while there is a need for actual achievements in energy consumption reductions. Other possibilities should therefore be considered, such as a specific, large FP7 project, and/or a Joint Undertaking, such as a Joint Research Initiative, a European Industrial Initiative.
A delegation of the ECOS group of experts has been therefore been mandated to discuss with EC officials how to start these activities.
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Last modified 2011-02-22 10:12 AM